Fortunately, it happens very rarely that children are unconscious. By children we mean from 1 year of age up to they are adolescents. There are many similarities with CPR as in adults but remember that children are smaller – you should therefore be a little more careful in your compressions and breaths.
Start by providing a clear airway and check for normal breathing. If you do not find breathing start with cardiopulmonary resuscitation. Now it is important to get guidance from emergency 113 on your phone, use the speaker.
The most common reason why children have cardiac arrest is that they have a breathing problem and do not get enough oxygen to the head and body.
Trying first give five breaths, to get the child’s breathing back up and running.
If the child does not start breathing, start CPR.
Now you only do two breaths – as described above, then a new round with 30 compressions. Continue with rounds of 30 chest compressions and two breaths continuously until the ambulance personnel take over or the child wakes up.