By babies is meant children under 1 year. Give free airways, check for breathing. If the baby does not breathe normally start with cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR). It is important with guidance from Emergency 113, use the speaker function on the mobile.
Lay the baby on the floor, check breathing
- Lay the baby on its back on a hard surface
- Sit on your knees next to the baby
- Place one hand on the forehead and keep the head in the neutral position
- Pull the chin forward into an underbite
- Check if the baby is breathing normally
The most common reason why babies get cardiac arrest is that they have a breathing problem and do not get enough oxygen to the head and body. Therefore, first try five breaths:
- Gap over both nose and mouth with your mouth
- Breath gently and calmly until you barely see your chest rise slightly
- Release your mouth and let air flow out
- Repeat with a new breath immediately
- Give five such gentle breaths
If it feels as if there is no air going into the lungs after given free airways it may be that a foreign object is blocking the airway. Look in your mouth for anything in your mouth or throat, try to remove it. If the breaths do not make the baby start breathing, you must start CPR.
30 chest compressions
- Use two straight fingers in the middle of the baby’s chest, between the nipples. Use index finger and middle finger
- Press hard and fast straight down approximately 1/3 of the depth of the chest
- Give 30 chest compressions and release between each time. The pace should be approximately 100 per minute
Count out loud. Emergency 113 will help you with what to do and to keep right pace.
- Two mouth to mouth / nose breaths
- Make two gentle breaths as described above.
- When the airway is clear little force is needed to get air into the baby’s lungs.
- The amount of air is only about a mouthful until you see your chest rise.
- Then repeat 30 chest compressions. Quickly switch between compressions and breaths.
Continue with 30 chest compressions and two breaths continuously until the ambulance personnel take over or the baby wakes up. Emergency 113 will tell you when the ambulance will arrive and guide you at all times.