Colling of then body is dangerous and can result in serious injury and death. Another word for cooling is hypothermia, which translated means ” low temperature “.
Hypothermia can be an injury by itself, or combination with other injuries. Therefore, preventing cooling is also important to do in other incidents.
Mild hypothermia: The person is awake and freezing with trembling is.
Moderate hypothermia: Reduced consciousness, the person no longer trembles.
Severe hypothermia: Unconscious but breathing.
Deep hypothermia: Unconscious and not breathing.
First aid for cooling down
Get the person out of the cold.
Go indoors. If this is not possible, protect the person from wind and rain. Cover the head and make sure that person is not in contact with a cold surface.
If you can take the person indoors, you can individually replace wet garments with dry garments and blankets.
If the person is outdoors, do not remove garments, but place several dry garments and blankets around the person, and protect from wind and rain.
If they’re conscious, you can give some hot drinks. Share your body heat if practicable.
While waiting for help to arrive, keep an eye on the person’s breathing. If breathing stops or appears dangerously slow or shallow, you should start cardiopulmonary resuscitation immediately.
Cardiac arrest due to cooling
If someone has cardiac arrest due to hypothermia, we must start cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR). It is important not to give up the resuscitation attempt if the cardiac arrest has occurred due to cooling.